2019年版 压疮的预防与治疗:快速参考指南(原版)下载

关于指南

该准则的第一版是国家压力损伤咨询小组(NPIAP)和欧洲压力溃疡咨询小组(EPUAP)之间为期四年的合作。在指南的第二版中,泛太平洋压力伤害联盟(PPPIA)加入了NPUAP和EPUAP。这一国际合作的目标是为预防和治疗压力性溃疡制定循证建议,供全世界的卫生专业人员使用。

本指南使用明确的科学方法来识别和批判性地评价所有现有的研究。在缺乏明确证据的情况下,利用专家意见(往往以间接证据和其他准则为支撑)提出建议。向全世界986个受邀的利益攸关方(个人和组织)提供了建议和支持证据的草稿。最后一项准则的基础是现有的研究和NPIAP、EPUAP、PPPIA和国际利益攸关方积累的智慧。在准则第二版中,采用了协商一致表决程序(GRADE),为每个建议分配一个力度。建议的强度根据改善患者结果的潜力确定推荐声明的重要性。

它向健康专业人士提供了一个信号,表明人们可以相信,该建议将比伤害更有用,并可用于帮助确定压力溃疡相关干预措施的优先次序。

关于指南英文原文


About the Guidelines

The first edition of the guideline was developed as a four year collaboration between the National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel (NPIAP) and the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP). In the second edition of the guideline, the Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance (PPPIA) has joined the NPUAP and EPUAP. The goal of this international collaboration was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers that could be used by health professionals throughout the world.

An explicit scientific methodology was used to identify and critically appraise all available research. In the absence of definitive evidence, expert opinion (often supported by indirect evidence and other guidelines) was used to make recommendations. Drafts of the recommendations and supporting evidence were made available to 986 invited stakeholders (individuals and organizations) around the world. The final guideline was based on available research and the accumulated wisdom of the NPIAP, EPUAP, PPPIA and international stakeholders. In the 2nd edition of the guideline, a consensus voting process (GRADE) was used to assign a strength to each recommendation. The strength of recommendation identifies the importance of the recommendation statement based on potential to improve patient outcomes. It provides an indication to the health professional of the confidence one can have that the recommendation will do more good than harm, and can be used to assist in prioritizing pressure ulcer related interventions.

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